Muscle Spasm & Trigger Points

General muscle spasm and myofascial trigger points or knots are a common cause of acute and persistent back, buttock and hip pain.  Trigger points are small areas of muscle spasm, about the size of a pea, that are tender to touch and may cause local or referred pain.

Muscles commonly involved in lower back, hip and leg pain include;

  • UnknownHip flexors / psoas
  • Gluteals
  • Piriformis
  • ITB
  • Quadratus lumborum
  • Paraspinals

Cause: There are many causes of muscle pain and trigger points including;  trauma, poor posture and overuse.

Symptoms: Pain arising from muscle is generally a dull ache and may be local or referred. If you have numbness or tingling or pain from the back that travels down the leg and below the knee, it is highly unlikely to be muscular in origin.

Treatment: Pain and restricted movement arising from muscle spasm or trigger point activity responds very well to dry needling, acupuncture and hands-on manual therapy. When muscle spasm or trigger points are the cause of your pain, they will respond rapidly to treatment, and in most cases patients are pain free within 1 – 3 sessions. If this is not the case, it’s possible that your muscle problem is a symptom rather than the cause. This is why a thorough assessment aimed at identifying the cause of your symptoms is so important.

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